FRANCE,  King Jean II of

FRANCE, King Jean II of

Male 1319 - 1364  (44 years)

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  • Name FRANCE, Jean II of 
    Title King 
    Nickname Le Bon 
    Born 26 Apr 1319  Château de Gué-de-Maulny, , France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Baptized 29 Apr 1319  St. Julien, Le Mans, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 8 Apr 1364  London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 8 May 1364  St. Denis Basilica, Isle De France, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Jean II the Good (Jean le Bon) (April 16, 1319 - April 8, 1364) was a King of France (1350 - 1364) and a member of the Valois Dynasty. He was the son of Philippe VI of France and Jeanne of Burgundy.

      On July 28, 1332, at the age of 13, he was married to Bona (Bonne) of Luxemburg (May 20, 1315 - September 11, 1349), daughter of John the Blind of Luxemburg, king of Bohemia.

      Their children were:

      1) Charles V le Sage (January 21, 1338 - September 16, 1380)
      2) Philippe II (January 17, 1342 - April 27, 1404)
      3) Jeanne (June 24, 1343 - November 3, 1373)
      4) Louis (July 23, 1339 - September 20, 1389)
      5) Isabelle (October 1, 1348 - September 11, 1372)
      6) Jean de Berry (November 30, 1340 - June 15, 1416)
      7) Marie (September 12, 1344 - October, 1404)
      8) Agnès (1345 - 1349)
      9) Marguerite (1347 - 1352)

      He was crowned King of France in 1350 in the cathedral at Reims. As king, Jean surrounded himself with poor administrators, preferring to enjoy the good life his wealth as king brought. The men he relied on to administer his kingdom were brutal thieves but eventually King Jean changed.

      In the Battle of Poitiers in 1356 against Edward, the Black Prince (son of King Edward III of England), Jean suffered a humiliating defeat and was taken as captive back to England. While negotiating a peace accord, he was at first held in the Savoy Palace, then at Windsor, Hertford, Somerton Castle in Lincolnshire and finally in the Tower of London. As a prisoner of the English, the King of France was granted royal privileges, permitted to travel about, and to enjoy a regal lifestyle. A local tradition in St Albans is that he was also held in a house in that town, at the site of the 15th century Fleur de Lys inn, before he was taken to Hertford Castle. There is a sign on the inn to that effect, but apparently no evidence to confirm the tradition [1] (http://www.salbani.co.uk/Med%20Web/market_place.htm).

      The treaty of Brétigny signed in 1360 set his ransom at 3,000,000 crowns. In keeping with the honor between himself and the English King Edward III, and leaving his son Louis of Anjou in English-held Calais as a replacement hostage, Jean was allowed to return to France to raise the his ransom funds.

      While King Jean tried to raise the money, his son, accorded the same royal dignity, easily escaped from the English. An angry King Jean, believing his son had broken royal honor, and unable to raise his ransom, surrendered himself again to the English. He arrived in England in early 1364, looked upon by ordinary citizens and English royalty alike with great admiration. Accordingly, he was held as an honored prisoner in the Savoy Palace but died a few months later.

      King Jean died in London in 1364 and his body was returned to France, where he was interred in the royal chambers at Saint Denis Basilica.
    Person ID I86748  voyer_7_28_2008
    Last Modified 13 Mar 2010 

    Father VALOIS, Philippe VI de of FRANCE,   b. 1293, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Aug 1350, Nogent-Le-Roi, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 57 years) 
    Mother BURGUNDY, Princess Joanna of,   b. 1293, , , Bourgogne, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Sep 1338, Paris (Paris : 750056), France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years) 
    Family ID F14887  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family LUXEMBOURG, Queen Jutte (Bonne) of,   b. 20 May 1315, , Praha, Praha, Czechoslovakia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown, Abbaye De Maubuisson, Seine-Et-Oise, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married May 1332 
    Children 
    +1. VALOIS, Charles V de of FRANCE,   b. 21 Jan 1336/37, Château-de-Vincennes, Near Paris, Val-de-Marne, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Sep 1380, Nogent-sur-Marne, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years)
    +2. BURGUNDY, Philippe II of,   b. 25 Jan 1342, Pontoise,95,Val-d'Oise,Ile-de-France,FRANCE Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 06 May 1404, [Hostellerie du Cerf] - Hall,Belgique,,Hainaut,BELGIUM Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years)
    +3. VALOIS, Isabelle De,   b. 1348,   d. Abt 1375  (Age 27 years)
    +4. ANJOU, Louis I d' di NAPOLI,   b. 23 Jun 1339, Château-de-Vincennes, Near Paris, Val-de-Marne, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1384  (Age 44 years)
     5. VALOIS, Jean de of BERRY,   b. 30 Nov 1340,   d. 15 Mar 1416  (Age 75 years)
    +6. VALOIS, Marie of FRANCE,   b. Abt 1344,   d. 1404  (Age ~ 60 years)
    +7. VALOIS, Jeanne (Joan Jane) De of FRANCE,   b. 1343,   d. 1373  (Age 30 years)
    Last Modified 12 Apr 2010 13:54:30 
    Family ID F44539  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsDied - 8 Apr 1364 - London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 8 May 1364 - St. Denis Basilica, Isle De France, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Cemetery       : Hospital/Retirement Home/Assisted Living       : Church/Abbey/Monastery       : Location/Neighborhood       : Island       : Castle/Palace/Estate       : Not Set

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