CAROLINGIEN,  Emperor Charles II   of the HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE

CAROLINGIEN, Emperor Charles II of the HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE

Male 823 - 877  (54 years)

Personal Information    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name CAROLINGIEN, Charles II  
    Title Emperor 
    Suffix of the HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE 
    Nickname the Bald 
    Born 15 May 823  Frankfurt, Hessen-Nassau, Prussia, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Baptized 13 Jun 823 
    Gender Male 
    Title (Facts Pg Between 843 and 877  [2
    King Of Neustria 
    Reigned Between 875 and 877  [2
    Name Charles II of The FRANKS 
    Died 6 Oct 877  Brides Les Bains, Bourgogne, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Buried St Denis, Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Notes 
    • Charles II, King de France(Andre Roux: Scrolls,191.) (Stuart, Royaltyfor Commoners, Page 130, Line 171-39.) (Rosamond, Frankish kingdom under Carolingians, Page 180.) (Paul, Nouveau Larousse Universel.) (AndreCastelot, Hist oire de La France, Tome 1, Pages 369, 387).AKA: CharlesII, Emperor of the West. AKA: Charles II, King de Bourgogne.AKA: Charles II, King of Italy. Also Known As: Charles "Le Chauve".Born: on 13 Jun 823 in Francfort-sur-le-Main, Germany, son of Louis I, King de France and Judith de Baviere , Some sources assert King Charles II wasborn in the year 829.Note - between 824 and 875 in France: The birth of Charles II in 823 did not at first excite jealousy or rivalry amonghisbrothers. In 829, Charles was granted the region of Alemannia, Rhaetia an d part of Burgundy. In 837, his Father Louis I "LeDebonnaire",byarrangement with Louis the German and Pepin gave Charles the land West of the Meuse, Burgundy, Chartres and Paris together with all the bishops, abbots and counts who held benefices in these territories. A portion of Neustria was added in 838, and upon Pepin's death, Louis LePieux made CharlesKing of Aquitaine. On 24 July 840 , the new Emperor, Lothar, inStrasburg, refuses to support the land claims of Charles (from the agreement of Worms on 30 May 839). The two brothers, Louis and Charles,unite against Lothar and the Wa r of the Three Brothersbegins.Meanwhile,on 12 May 841, the Normands ravage Rouen and all the localities along the Seine, increasing their wealth considerably. AtFon tenoy-en-Puisaye (24June 841), C harles defeats his brothers Lothar (inspite of the arrival of the Army of Aquitaine in the Imperial ranks -- and at a total loss of 40,000 lives at the battle) and Louis Le GermaniQuebec Charles and L ouis signed an alliance on 14 February 842 at Strasbourg. Leaving Strasbourg, the two brothers defeat the imperial army of Lothar just West of Comblence. Lothar leaves Aix-le-Chapelle precipitously , pursued by the two brothers. In Mellecey, not far from Chalon-sur-Saone, Lothar proposes a plan to establish perpetual peace whichis acceptable to both Louis and Charles. On 15 June, they sign the preliminary peace document. On 1 October 842, each of them sends 40commissioners to Metz to forge the official document. Prudence,the Bishop of Troyes, notes that Louis regained Germania in th e East, Lothar gets the middle part of the Franc Kingdom, including Italy, and Charles obtains the Western lands (West of the Rhone, including Soissons). After that Charles goes to the Palace in Quie rzy, where he marriesErmentrude.Charles signed the Treaty of Verdun (843) which split the Kingdomof Charlemagne. By the Treaty, the destiny of Occidental Europe wouldbe heavily influenced to this day. Louis obtains all lands Eas t of the Rhine, including the cities of Spire, Worms, Mayence. Lothar gets all the lands extending between the Rhine and the Escaut, the Cambresis, the Hainaut, the country of Mezieres, and all the c ountships neighboring the Meuse, through the Saone and the Rhone, the Artois and Italy. Charles got all the lands East all the way to Spain.The Kingdom of Charlemagne thus was split forever, with th e most serious rift between the germanic lands of Louis, and the French lands ofCharles. The intervening lands extending from Frisia to Rome, from the NorthSea to the Mediterranean including wha t would become Holland, Belgium, Lorraine and Switzerland would become a sore point of contention between these two peoples. The only thing that mattered to Lothar was the fact that both capitals (A ix and Rome) were located withinhis territory, thus legitimizing the title of Emperor.Meanwhile, the Normands pillage Nantes and lower Aquitaine. Charles laidsiege to Toulouse in vain (May to July 844). The Normands led by Ragnar Lodbrog arrive in Paris and must be heavily bribed t o leave. Other Normand armies ravage Toulouse and Bordeaux

      Karl II, the Bald, Emperor of the West from 875 to 877 and King of theWest Franks (843-877); son of Emperor Ludwig I by a second marriage.The effortsof Ludwig to create a Kingdom for Karl were res ponsible for the repeated revolts of Ludwig's elder sons that disturbed the latterpart of Ludwig's reign. When Lothar I, the eldest and heir to the imperial title, attempted to reunite the empire aft er Ludwig's death (840), Karl and Ludwig the German marched against their brother and defeated him atFontenoy (841). Reaffirming their alliance in 842, they signed (843) with LotharI the Treaty o f Verdun, which divided the empire into three parts. The part roughly corresponding to modern France fell to KarlII. He was almost continuously at war with his brothers and their sons, with the Nors emen (or Normans, as they came to be known in France), and with rebellious subjects. When Karl's nephew Lothair, son of Lothar Iand King of Lothringen, died in 869, Karl seized hisKingdom but was fo rced by the Treaty of Mersen (870) to divide it with Ludwig II.In 875,at the death of his nephew Ludwig II, who had succeeded Lothair I as Emperor, Karl. secured the imperial crown. His reign witnes sed the growth of the power of the nobles at the expense of the royal power and thusmarked the rise of local feudalism. Charles's chief adviser was Archbishop Hincmar. As a metropolitan he tried t o depose the bishop of Soissons in 862 and brought on himself the censureof Pope St.NicholasI. Later (876), in a different contention, he upheld the rights ofmetropolitans. Hincmar vigorously oppos ed Gottschalkand urged (850)Erigena to write on predestination. Dissatisfied with Erigena's tract, Hincmar wrote three treatises on the subject himself.He strongly opposed the divorce of Lothair, k ing of Lothringen, and he spent much of his timein defending the claims of Karl II in variousdynastic struggles,particularly against Ludwig II of France. Hincmar openly challenged the authenticity o f portions of the Pseudo-Isidorian Decretals. Asa strong upholder of tradition, Hincmar defended the practice of public penance and initiated a reform in the French clerical life of the period.[royalty_combined6.FTW]

      Sources: RC 133, 171, 250, 133, 346; Coe; A. Roots 49, 148, 155; AF; Kraentzler 1460.
      Roots: Charles II, the Bald, b. 828, d. 877.
      RC: King of the West Franks. King of France, 840-877; Emperor, Holy Roman Empire, 25 Dec. 875-877. King of Burgundy, 869. King of Italy, 875.
    Person ID I83466  voyer_7_28_2008
    Last Modified 16 May 2010 

    Father AQUITAINE, Louis (Ludwig Lodewijk Hludovic) I of,   b. 16 Apr 778, Casseneuil, Lot-Et-Garonne, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jun 840, Ingelheim, Hesse-Nassau, Prussia, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years) 
    Mother BAVARIA, Judith Guelph of,   b. Abt 802, Altdorf-Mittelfranken, Bayern, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Apr 843, Centre, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 41 years) 
    Family ID F34590  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 ORLEANS, Countess Ermentrude D',   b. 27 Sep 830, Orleans, Neustria Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Oct 869  (Age 39 years) 
    Married Abt Aug 842  Quiery-Sur-Oise, 60, OISE, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. FRANCE, Hersent De
    +2. FRANCE, Louis (Ludwig) II of,   b. 1 Nov 843, Alsace-Lorraine, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Apr 879, Compiegne, , France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 35 years)
    +3. CAROLINGIEN, Judith of BRITTANY,   b. 16 Dec 843, , , Brittany, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 870  (Age > 28 years)
     4. FRANCE, Judith De,   b. 845,   d. Yes, date unknown
    +5. FRANCE, Louis (Ludwig) II of,   b. 1 Nov 846, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    +6. CAROLINGIEN, Godehilde,   b. Abt 864, France Find all individuals with events at this location
    +7. CAROLINGIEN, Hersent of LORRAINE,   b. Abt 865, Paris (Paris : 750056), France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 897  (Age ~ 32 years)
    +8. CAROLINGIEN, Rothilde of France,   b. Bef Jul 870, , , Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 928  (Age > 57 years)
    Last Modified 29 Oct 2008 19:23:11 
    Family ID F50792  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 PROVENCE, Richilde De,   b. Abt 852, Metz, Moselle, Lorraine, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 910  (Age ~ 58 years) 
    Married 870  [1
    Children 
    +1. CAROLINGIEN, Roger of MAINE,   b. Abt 870, Crecy en Ponthieu, Picardy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 31 Oct 900  (Age ~ 30 years)
    Family ID F55816  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 15 May 823 - Frankfurt, Hessen-Nassau, Prussia, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 6 Oct 877 - Brides Les Bains, Bourgogne, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - St Denis, Paris, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Cemetery       : Hospital/Retirement Home/Assisted Living       : Church/Abbey/Monastery       : Location/Neighborhood       : Island       : Castle/Palace/Estate       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S283] Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Fre.

    2. [S708] Plantagenet ancestry of King Edward III and Queen.

    3. [S670] De La Pole.FTW.



Home Page |  What's New |  Most Wanted |  Surnames |  Photos |  Histories |  Documents |  Cemeteries |  Places |  Dates |  Reports |  Sources