VALOIS,  King Louis XI de  of FRANCE

VALOIS, King Louis XI de of FRANCE

Male 1423 - 1483  (60 years)

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  • Name VALOIS, Louis XI de  
    Title King 
    Suffix of FRANCE 
    Nickname the Cruel 
    Born 3 Jun 1423  [Palais Archiépiscopal] - Bourges,18,Cher,Centre,FRANCE Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 08 Sep 1483  Château du Plessis-les-Tours] - Tours,37,Indre-et-Loire,Centre,FRANCE Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 15 Sep 1483  [Basilique Notre-Dame] - Cléry,45,,,FRANCE Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Louis XI (July 3, 1423 - August 30, 1483) was a King of France (1461 - 1483). He was the son of Charles VII of France and Mary of Anjou. He was a member of the Valois Dynasty and was one of the most successful kings of France in terms of uniting the country. His 22-year reign was marked by political machinations, resulting in his being given the nickname of the "Spider King".

      Born at Bourges, Cher, Louis despised his father and attempted to depose him on several occasions. However, it was only on his father's death in 1461 that he was able to take the throne.

      His marriage on June 24, 1436 to Margaret, daughter of King James I of Scotland, gave Louis XI an interest in English affairs, and he schemed to restore King Henry VI of England and his Lancastrian heir to the throne - partly because his arch-enemy, Charles the Bold of Burgundy was allied with the Yorkists. Louis gained the upper hand in his feud with Charles, and brought about his death in 1477. A candid account of some of Louis' activities is given by the courtier, Philippe de Commines, in his Memoires of the period.

      King Louis XI married strategically a second time on February 14, 1451 to eight-year-old Charlotte of Savoy (1445- December 1, 1483). Their marriage would not be consummated until she was fourteen and their children were:

      Anne (April, 1461 - November 14, 1522)
      Jeanne (April 23, 1464 - February 4, 1505)
      Charles VIII (June 30, 1470 - April 8, 1498)
      By war, by cunning and with sheer guile, Louis XI overcame France's feudal lords and at the time of his death in the chateau at Plessis-lez-Tours, he had united France and laid the foundations of a strong monarchy.

      Louis XI was a superstitious man who surrounded himself with astrologers. Interested in science, he once pardoned a man sentenced to death on condition that he serve as a guinea pig in a gallstone operation.
    Person ID I156648  voyer_7_28_2008
    Last Modified 16 Apr 2010 

    Father VALOIS, Charles VII de of FRANCE,   b. 22 Feb 1403, Hôtel St-Paul, Paris, , France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Jul 1461, Mehun-sur-Yèvres,18,Cher,Centre,FRANCE Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Mother ANJOU, Marie D' of France,   b. 23 Oct 1404, Angers, Anjou, (Maine Et Loire), France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 08 Dec 1463  (Age 59 years) 
    Family ID F3676  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 SAVOIE, Charlotte De,   b. 1445,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. VALOIS, Jeanne de,   b. 1464,   d. 1515  (Age 51 years)
     2. VALOIS, Charles VIII de of FRANCE,   b. Abt 30 Jun 1470, Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 07 Apr 1498, Chateau d'Amboise, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 27 years)
    Last Modified 23 Oct 2008 17:00:17 
    Family ID F60172  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 ÉCOSSE, Marguerite d',   b. 1418,   d. 25 Aug 1445, hâlons-sur-Marne,51,Marne,Champagne,FRANCE Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 27 years) 
    Last Modified 23 Oct 2008 02:46:48 
    Family ID F68146  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

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